ACC 2023 Business Finance

2023 1 The cost of goods available for sale is allocated between a beginning inventory


1. The cost of goods available for sale is allocated between :

a. beginning inventory and ending inventory.

b. beginning inventory and cost of goods on hand.

c. ending inventory and cost of goods sold.

d. beginning inventory and cost of goods purchased.


2. The one characteristic that all entries recorded in a cash payments journal have in common is

a. that they all represent purchases of merchandise.

b. a debit to the cash account.

c. that they are all posted to the accounts payable subsidiary ledger.

d. a credit to the cash account.


3. A check correctly written and paid by the bank for $391 is incorrectly recorded on the company’s books for $319. The appropriate adjustment on a bank reconciliation would be to:

a. deduct $391 from the book’s balance.

b. deduct $72 from the book’s balance.

c. deduct $72 from the bank’s balance.

d. add $72 to the bank’s balance.


4. The Petty Cash account should be debited

a. whenever an expense is paid from the fund.

b. when the fund is established.

c. whenever the fund is replenished.

d. when the fund is liquidated.


5. The balance of a control account in the general ledger

a. must always be zero.

b. must equal the amount of total assets.

c. is always greater than the composite balance of individual accounts in a related subsidiary ledger.

d. must equal the composite balance of individual accounts in a related subsidiary ledger.


6. At June 30, Coulsen Company has the following bank information: cash balance per bank $3,600; outstanding checks $280; deposits in transit $550; credit memo for interest $10; bank service charge $20. What is Coulsen’s adjusted cash balance on June 30?

a. $3,860 b. $3,880 c. $3,330 d. $3,870


7. A company just starting business purchased three merchandise inventory items at the following prices: first purchase $890; second purchase $840; third purchase $810. If two items were sold during the period and the company used the LIFO costing method, the gross profit for the period would be how much greater or less than if the FIFO costing method had been used?


a. Gross profit would be $80 greater.

b. Gross profit would be $80 less.

c. Gross profit would be the same.

d. Gross profit would be $50 greater.


8. An error in the physical count of goods on hand at the end of the current period resulted in a $3,000 understatement of the ending inventory. The effect of this error in the current period is to a. overstate cost of goods sold. b. understate cost of goods available for sale. c. overstate gross profit. d. overstate net income.


9. A 90-day note dated June 14 has a maturity date of : a. September 14. b. September 12. c. September 13. d. September 15.


10. Gore Company prepares monthly financial statements and uses the gross profit method to estimate ending inventories. Historically, the company has had a 40% gross profit rate. During June, net sales amounted to $60,000; the beginning inventory on June 1 was $18,000; and the cost of goods purchased during June amounted to $27,000. The estimated cost of Gore Company’s inventory on June 30 is a. $9,000. b. $36,000. c. $15,000. d. $24,000.



Problem B – II — Computation of Net Purchases/Cost of Goods Sold (10 points) Barkley Company uses a periodic inventory system and has the following account balances: Beginning Inventory $50,000, Ending Inventory $80,000, Freight-in $12,000, Purchases $300,000, Purchase Returns and Allowances $8,000, and Purchase Discounts $6,000. Instructions Compute each of the following: (a) Net purchases (b) Cost of goods available for sale (c) Cost of goods sold






B – III — Special Journals (10 points) Gordon Company maintains four special journals and a general journal to record its transactions. For each of the transactions listed below, assign an journal code for recording that transaction.

Journal Code: S = Sales journal ,CR = Cash receipts journal, CP = Cash payments journal ,P = One column purchases journal, G = General journal (S CR CP P G)

  1. Mr. Gordon invests cash in the business.

2. Purchased office supplies on account.

3. Purchased office equipment for cash.

4. Mr. Gordon withdrew cash from the business for personal expenses.

5. Sold merchandise to customers on account.

6. Purchased merchandise inventory on account.

7. Paid for office supplies previously purchased on account.

8. Received a check from a customer as payment on account. Received a check from a customer as payment on account.Received a check from a customer as payment on account.


9. Sold merchandise to customers for cash.

10. Recorded depreciation expense on office equipment.


1.     CR                                 6.     P

2.     G                                    7.     CP

3.     CP                                  8.     CR

4.     CP                                  9.     CR

5.     S                                  10.     G




Problem B – IV — Bank Reconciliation (15 points) Campbell Company received a bank statement for the month of October 2010, which showed a balance per bank of $3,600. The company’s Cash account in the general ledger showed a balance of $1,204 at October 31.


Other information that may be relevant in preparing a bank reconciliation for October follows:


1. The bank returned an NSF check from a customer for $480.

2. The company recorded cash receipts of $340 on October 31 but this amount does not appear on the bank statement.

3. A check correctly written and paid by the bank for $1,740 was incorrectly recorded in the cash payments journal for $1,470. The check was a payment on account.

4. Checks which were written in September but still had not been presented to the bank for payment at October 31 amounted to $780.

5. The bank included a credit memorandum for $1,526, which represents a collection of a customer’s note by the bank for the company; principal amount of the note was $1,400 and the remainder was interest.

6. The bank included a $20 debit memorandum for service charges for the month of October.

7. Checks written in October which have not been paid by the bank at October 31 amounted to $1,200.



1. Prepare a bank reconciliation for Campbell Company for October which reconciles the balance per books and the balance per bank to their adjusted correct balances.

2. Prepare the necessary adjusting entries for Campbell Company at October 31, 2010.







Problem B – V — Periodic Inventories (12 points) Carson Company uses the periodic inventory method and had the following inventory information available for the month of November: Date


/Transaction/ Units /Unit Cost:                                   Total

11/1 -Beginning inventory-500/ $3                             $1,500

11/5- Purchase No. 1 -500 /$5                                    $2,500

11/12-Sale No. 1- 400/no value given            

11/18 -Purchase No. 2 -500 /$6                                  $3,000

11/25 -Sale No. 2 -900/no valure given

11/30 -Purchase No. 3 -500 /$9                                  $4,500



A physical count of units on November 30 revealed that 700 units were on hand. Answer the following independent questions and show computations supporting your answers.

1. Assume that the company uses the average cost method. What is the dollar value of the ending inventory on November 30?




2. Assume that the company uses the LIFO inventory method. What is the dollar value of the cost of goods sold during November?



3. Assume that the company uses the FIFO inventory method. The dollar value of the ending inventory on November 30 is?





Problem B – VI — Accounts Receivable (10 points) Bennett Company uses the allowance method to account for uncollectible accounts. Prepare the appropriate journal entries to record the following transactions during 2010. You may omit journal entry explanations.


June 20 The account of Ken Watts for $1,000 was deemed to be uncollectible and is written off as a bad debt.


Oct. 14 Received a check for $1,000 from Ken Watts, whose account had previously been written off as uncollectible.


Dec. 31 Use the following information for year-end adjusting entries: The balance of Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts at year end are $131,000 and $2,900, respectively. It is estimated that bad debts will be 4% of accounts receivable.




Problem B – VII — Correcting Entries (9 points) An inexperienced accountant for Easterly Company made the following incorrect entries.

1. Notes Receivable ………………….21,600

Accounts Receivable………………………………. 20,000

Interest Revenue ……………………………………… 1,600

Facts: Accepted a $20,000, 1 year, 8% note from Joe Wood Company for balance due on account.


2. Accounts Receivable…………. 25,000

Sales …………………………………………………..25,000

Facts: Accepted Visa credit card for $25,000; the service fee is 2%.


3. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts…………. 12,300

Notes Receivable…………………………………… …………………….12,000

Interest Revenue………………………………………… …………………….300

Facts: M. Adler dishonored a $12,000, 10%, 3-month note because of bankruptcy. Adler is expected to pay. No interest had been accrued on the note.


Instructions: Prepare entries to correct Easterly Company’s books based on the facts given. Do not reverse out incorrect entries that were recorded above, but rather correct the account balances so that they reflect the proper amounts.






Problem B – VIII — Notes Receivable (14 points) Instructions :Prepare journal entries to record the following events, rounding to the nearest dollar if necessary.


Jul. 1 Klein Company accepted an 8%, 3-month, $40,000 note dated July 1 from Greer Company for account balance due.








Jul. 31 Klein accrued interest on the above note for the month of July.




Oct. 1 Collected Greer Company note in full. Assume interest was correctly accrued on August 31 and September 30.





Oct. 1 Assume instead that the note is dishonored and that no interest has been accrued. Greer Company is expected to eventually pay the amount owed.







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