September – December 2023 Finance Essay
Business & Finance
Your power plant on Gilligan’s Island is producing too much air pollution. The professor gives you three choices for dealing with this problem:You can pay a pollution tax (Carbon Offsets) onetime of $13,000,000 immediately.You can close the plant and install a power cable from the mainland to the Island. That will cost you $1,000,000 at the end of this year, $3,000,000 at the end of next year and then $750,000 forever for maintenance.You can retrofit the plant with scrubbers to reduce the emissions to make the plant green. That will cost $7.5m at the end of this year and $100,000 for 50-years for maintenance.Assume that the cost of generating power on the mainland is approximately the same as the cost of generating power at your Gilligan’s Island plant. Assume, this comes as a surprise to you and you have not saved any money in reserves and you need to raise capital. Additional information is that market has a 12 percent market risk premium on the power plant with the risk free rate being 5 percent with a company tax rate of 35 percent.Current total raised capital at the power plant: (This will help you calculate the WACC)Debt – 7,000 outstanding bonds, at 7.5% coupon and 20 years to maturity. These bonds pay interest semiannually and quoted price of 108 percent of par.Common Stock -180,000 shares outstanding, selling for $50 per share: Beta .90 CAPM is .118 or 11.8%Preferred Stock – 8,000 shares of 5.5 percent preferred stock outstanding, currently selling for $95.00 per share.Please answer in essay format showing all your calculation in appendixes choose the best option for Gilligan’s Island. Support your answer with your calculations. In addition, to calculations use specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles.Length: However long you need to answer the question.Your paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards.Grading guideline –Introduction should state the answer and establish the topic and a clear thesis statement.The three main options need be explained. are each supported by at least 3 solid proofs (quote, statistic, example). The topic is clearly tied to Business Finance. The progression is clear and makes sense throughout the paper. Paper is written in third person, past tense throughout without any contractions used.The conclusion summarizes the main points, and leaves the reader with a strong comprehension of the paper’s significance and the author’s understanding to the correct financial decision.All research is correctly credited, using correct APA format.Grammatically correct – No spelling, grammar, or mechanics errorsI attached a sample of the equation that will need to be included in the essay.